One of our oldest domestic animals in the Carpathian basin is the buffalo. It arrived from Far-Asia with the avar herd. As they do not grow thick winter fur they must be kept in properly closed barns during wintertime. The opposite happens at summertime: they tend to spend a lot of time in water or mud to cool their body down and protect themselves from parasites. They can run faster than a horse in short distance in case they smell danger. The meat contains a lot of iron, very dark red, delicious meat. They were used to be kept as yokes in agriculture as they are very strong and massive animals until the mechanisation. The milk is also very good quality, the main ingredient of the real mozzarella cheese. Their number dropped only to 2 herds by the millennium one of them was in Hortobagy. Their number is slowly emerging nowadays.